LOUISVILLE, KENTUCKY
ATLANTA, GEORGIA
CHICAGO, ILLINOIS
CINCINNATI, OHIO
DENVER, COLORADO
HARRISBURG, PENNSYLVANIA
MADISON, WISCONSIN
RARITAN, NEW JERSEY
TORONTO, ONTARIO
BANGALORE, INDIA
HYDERABAD, INDIA

V-Soft's Corporate Headquarters

101 Bullitt Lane, Suite #205
Louisville, KY 40222

502.425.8425
TOLL FREE: 844.425.8425
FAX: 502.412.5869

Denver, Colorado

6400 South Fiddlers Green Circle Suite #1150
Greenwood Village, CO 80111

TOLL FREE: 844.425.8425

Chicago, Illinois

5215 Old Orchard Road Suite #950
Skokie, IL 60077

TOLL FREE: 844.425.8425

Madison, Wisconsin

8401 Greenway Boulevard Suite #100
Middleton, WI 53562

TOLL FREE: 844.425.8425

Harrisburg, Pennsylvania

4813 Jonestown Road Suite #103
Harrisburg, PA 17109

TOLL FREE: 844.425.8425

Atlanta, Georgia

1255 Peachtree Parkway Suite #4201
Cumming, GA 30041

TOLL FREE: 844.425.8425

Cincinnati, Ohio

Spectrum Office Tower 11260
Chester Road Suite 350
Cincinnati, OH 45246

Phone: 513.771.0050

Raritan, New Jersey

216 Route 206 Suite 22 Hillsborough Raritan, NJ 08844

Phone: 513.771.0050

Toronto, Canada

1 St. Clair Ave W Suite #902, Toronto, Ontario, M4V 1K6

Phone: 416.663.0900

Hyderabad, India

Incor 9, 3rd Floor, Kavuri Hills
Madhapur, Hyderabad – 500033 India

PHONE: 040-48482789

Bangalore, India

GINSERV, CA Site No 1, HAL
3rd Stage Behind Hotel Leela Palace
Kodihalli, Bangalore - 560008 India

Should I use SOAP or REST for my APIs?

SOAP and REST are two different types of API technologies. While they are both developed to provide access to Web services, comparing the two is more complex than just going down a list and checking off pros/cons. In this blog post, we discuss the differences of each technology that will help you decide which one is better for your project.

What is SOAP?

Simple Object Access Protocol, better known as SOAP, is a messaging protocol that allows programs to communicate to one another via HTTP and XML, regardless of operating system. It specifies exactly how an HTTP or XML header should be encoded so both sides of the operation are capable of transferring information.

SOAP offers tight security by providing additional standards on top of the standard SSL support, such as WS-Security, to offer enterprise-level protection. This is beneficial for programs handling sensitive information, such as a bank or hospital.

To learn more about SOAP, you can read this blog post by Nicholas Quaine at SOAPUSER.

What is REST?

REpresentational State Transfer (REST, also sometimes referred to as ReST) is an interface between systems using HTTP to access data and process it in another format, such as JSON or SML. It acts similarly to a website in a browser: it accesses the URL that has been input and receives a web page in return. This page typically includes links that the user can click on to visit more pages, or even submitting a form to update the website, like signing up for blog updates.

Despite its malleability, REST is not as fleshed out as SOAP in the way that the developer still needs to come up with how the data transferred should act and operate. 

Of course, this isn't all that REST is or what it's capable of. To read more about REST, MuleSoft has a fantastic resource explaining it.

difference between soap and rest

Key Differences Between SOAP and REST

The most notable difference between SOAP and REST is that SOAP is a protocol, whereas REST is an architectural style. The best way to understand the difference is with a simple analogy, and services company, Upwork, said it best: SOAP is like sending a letter in an envelope. There is extra overhead, more bandwidth required, and more work on both ends (the sealing and opening of the envelope). REST is like sending that same information on a postcard. It's more lightweight, can be cached, and easier to update. Less effort for both parties to receive the information required, albeit less secure (the postman can also read that information, for example).

Some of the other important differences include:

  • The most obvious: SOAP is a protocol, whereas REST is an architectural style.
  • While REST calls are capable of being cached, SOAP-based calls can not.
  • SOAP performs an operation, such as stransferring information; REST is more data-driven, primarily designed to access resources.
  • As REST is simpler than SOAP, it is much quicker to learn and utilize.
  • SOAP offers built-in error handling.

In closing, the best choice for your API development depends on the project. If you are more concerned about a lightweight and robust API that is mobile-friendly, REST may be best for you. Need enhanced security features to handle payments, passwords, history information, or other data? SOAP would be the route you should go.

Free White Paper on API Connectivity

Topics: Technology, MuleSoft, API

Get Weekly Updates

Free MuleSoft Consultation